Brief History of Education in Nigeria1269710
Long before the Europeans arrived, education had been part of Nigerians. The Children had been taught about their culture, social activities, survival skills and work. Most of these education processes had been impacted into the kids informally a couple of of these societies gave a much more formal teaching of the society and culture.
In these Societies, there are formal directions that governed the rites of passage from youth into adulthood. The youth is anticipated to have attained the essential social and survival skills as well as getting a grounded knowledge in the culture. These are the foundations of education in Nigeria, and upon them had been the western education implemented upon.
European Education was introduced into Nigeria in the 1840s. It began in Lagos, Calabar and other coastal cities. In a couple of decades schooling in English language steadily took roots in the Nigeria. During the Colonial years, Great Britain did not market education. The schools had been set up and operated by Christian Missionaries. The British colonial government only funded a couple of schools. The policy of the government was to give grant to mission schools rather than expand the system.
In the northern component of Nigeria, which was predominantly Muslim populated, Western-style education was prohibited. The religious leaders did not want the missionaries interfering with Islam. This gave way to establishing Islamic school that focused mainly on the Islamic education.
These days, adult literacy has been estimated to be more than 78 % for men and 64 % for ladies. These statistics were produced primarily based on estimate literacy in English. That excludes the literacy in Arabic among northern Muslims. It is consequently not erroneous to call Nigeria a nation dominated with educated persons.
Prior to Nigeria's independence, Nigeria had only two established Post-secondary Institution. Yaba Higher college (founded in 1934, Now Yaba College of Technology) and the University of Ibadan was founded in 1948. It was then a College of the University of London until two years after the independence when she became autonomous. More prominent universities which consist of University of Nigeria, Obafemi Awolowo University (formerly University of Ife), Ahmadu Bello University and Mohood Abiola Kashimawo University (formerly University of Lagos) had been founded in the years that followed the Independence.
In 1970s much more universities had been founded which include University of Benin (founded in 1970), and new university opened in Calabar, Ilorin, Jos, Port Harcourt, Sokoto and Maiduguri. In the 1980s, more universities were opened as nicely as institute specializing in Agriculture and Technologies. A number of Polytechnics were also opened, which consists of the Yaba College of Technology in Lagos and Kaduna Polytechnics.
In 1980, the estimated enrollment in the primary schools was 12 million, Secondary and technical colleges 1.2 million, teachers colleges 240,000 and Universities 75,000. One would anticipate that with such an estimate, the Nigerian education in Nigeria three decades following would have greatly enhanced. Sadly the reverse has been the case.
The present decline in the Nigerian education method can be traced back to the 1980s and 1990s. Then there was a shortage of certified teachers, the few qualified teachers had been not paid in a timely manner. The number of schools did not grow with the population and numerous of the current schools were inadequately funded resulting in poor upkeep. In the Universities inadequate funding led to the shortage of space and resources. Increase in tuition charge often resulted in riots top to cancellation of semesters. Industrial actions by the University Employees requesting for higher salaries and better working circumstances also compounded the situations. Nevertheless, today governors in most state are addressing these issues.