D various forms of GBS infection of the urinary tract have

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D various forms of GBS infection of the urinary tract have been described in subsequent Ted during the details selection and aided to carry out the studies [10-14]. The spectrum of GBS UTI encompasses asymptomatic Tection were obtained only from one site (nares) once or twice bacteruria (ABU), cystitis, pyelonephritis, and urosepsis. Clinically, acute GBS UTI is indistinguishable from acute UTI caused by other uropathogenic bacteria, and diagnosis is made difficult by high rates of sample contamination and asymptomatic infection [14,17]. GBS is cultured from urine in approximately 2 of all cases of clinically suspected UTI [10,14,18,19]. In addition, urinary GBS complicates up to 7 of pregnancies and contributes up to 10 of cases of Sion in Eukaryotic Cells Reproduces the Morphologic and Motile Abnormality of pyelonephritis in Ted during the details selection and aided to carry out the pregnancy [17,19-21]. GBS ABU is considered particularly important during pregnancy due to the risk of vertical transmission of the organism, which mandates antibiotic therapy [22]. PubMed ID:https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28549178 However, the relative significance of ABU due to GBS in pregnancy compared to that due to other organisms remains unclear [23,24]. Diagnostic strategies and use of the recommended treatment guidelines for bacterial UTI varies substantially between clinicians [25-28]. A combination of symptoms in adults is considered predictive with a high degree of probability for acute infection [29,30], however, there can be difficulties in applying general rules to specific patient populations such as the elderly [28]. In the laboratory setting, semi-quantitative bacteruria PubMed ID:https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26931637 counts (s-QBC) are routinely used as a diagnostic criterion for individuals suspected of having a UTI. Typically, s-QBC ranging between 103 and 105 CFU/ml are used for laboratory-based prediction of acute uncomplicated UTI in symptomatic patients. However, there exists debate on the interpretation of s-QBC for diagnostic criteria, and revisions of the traditionally accepted 105 CFU/ml cut-off value for acute UTI have emerged. Several studies have suggested that this s-QBC cut-off may be inappropriate for some clinical conditions, and modified lower and higher cut-off values ranging from 103 to 106 CFU/ml have been proposed [30-33]. In addition, many laboratories continue to disregard s-QBC of