Pointillism in Art History2277016

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What is pointillism?

Pointillism is a painting technique whereby 1000s of tiny dots of the pure colour are placed on a canvas near one another to create an image. The primary concept behind pointillism is to apply dots of only two to three colours inside a particular area. Smaller the dots, the clearer the painting is going to be as well as the sharper its lines is going to be. The basic idea behind pointillism is your mind and eye blend the colors together to make the picture when viewed from the distance.

Is there a particular subject material?

No - pointillism is focused on the painting technique. Whatever the topic is, provided that it's painted with small dots of pure colour. There are numerous famous paintings covering different topics which can be painted inside the pointillist style. These include Vincent van Gogh's self-portrait and Paul Signac's Sunday, which depicts a Parisian couple in the home on a typical Sunday.

Who developed it?

Pointillism was developed by Impressionist painters Georges Seurat and Paul Signac. Seurat's pointillism painting, Sunday Afternoon on the Island of los angeles Grande Jatte, is one of his most popular works and is known throughout the world. This specific painting took control of a couple of years in order to complete and remains the most iconic pointillist painting. Seurat died in 1891 but Signac continued doing pointilism art paintings and completed many paintings using the technique.

When achieved it begin?

In 1886 Seurat and Signac pioneered this painting technique like a branch of Impressionism. Seurat originally called it 'divisionism,' referring to what sort of image is divided into many different dots of colour. However, art critics weren't too favourable and labelled this technique 'pointillism' being an insult to pointillist works. The reason behind this is how the critics didn't think pointillism was as renowned or impressive as other painting techniques. Nowadays, however, the term 'pointillism' can be used minus the insulting connotations it had.

When achieved it reach its peak?

Pointillism reached its peak within the 1880s and 1890s. There are hardly any artists of note that have done paintings in this style. One of the reasons why pointillism didn't have a larger impact was because pointillist paintings don't allow for depth or texture. A complete array of colours can be produced in the pointillist painting, but pointillism was much more about plenty of little parts forming a complete. It absolutely was everything about the technique and getting the eye to participate the dots, so to speak. It absolutely was never supposed to have been given serious attention as a possible art movement, therefore it wasn't.


Though pointillism as a single art movement didn't take off up to other movements, it did make up the basis of neo-impressionism. This new branch of impressionism consisted of a far more scientific method of painting, looking at lines and colours inside a more methodical way. This movement started waning by the end of the Nineteenth century, however it influenced key painters including Vincent van Gogh, Henri Matisse and Paul Gaugouin.

Pointillism today

Pointillism remains utilized as a painting technique today. It's well past its peak, however, many artists continue to be intrigued about it and enjoy creating pointillist paintings. It offers a different way of painting and allows you to consider paintings in different ways. It may not be the most influential or well-known of movements, but it is still left a mark.