Pointillism in Art History3820502
What exactly is pointillism?
Pointillism is a painting technique whereby a large number of tiny dots of a pure colour are applied to a canvas not far from the other person to create a picture. The key concept behind pointillism is to apply dots of just 2 to 3 colours in a particular area. The smaller the dots, the clearer the painting will be and also the sharper its lines will probably be. The essential idea behind pointillism that the mind and eye blend the colours together to create the look when viewed from a distance.
Are there a particular subject material?
No - pointillism is about the painting technique. It doesn't matter what the topic is, provided that it's painted with small dots of pure colour. There are many famous paintings covering different subject matters which are painted within the pointillist style. These include Vincent van Gogh's self-portrait and Paul Signac's Sunday, which depicts a Parisian couple at home on the typical Sunday.
Who developed it?
Pointillism was created by Impressionist painters Georges Seurat and Paul Signac. Seurat's pointillism painting, Sunday Afternoon around the Island of los angeles Grande Jatte, is one of his most famous works and is known throughout the world. This kind of painting took control of a couple of years in order to complete and remains the most iconic pointillist painting. Seurat died in 1891 but Signac continued doing pointillism movement paintings and completed many paintings while using technique.
When did it begin?
In 1886 Seurat and Signac pioneered this painting technique like a branch of Impressionism. Seurat originally named it 'divisionism,' referring to the way the image is split into many different dots of colour. However, art critics weren't too favourable and labelled this method 'pointillism' as an insult to pointillist works. The explanation for this is how the critics didn't think pointillism was as renowned or impressive as other painting techniques. Nowadays, however, the word 'pointillism' is utilized with no insulting connotations it once suffered from.
When did it reach its peak?
Pointillism reached its peak inside the 1880s and 1890s. You will find not many artists of note that have done paintings in this style. Part of the reason why pointillism never had a bigger impact was because pointillist paintings don't allow for depth or texture. A complete selection of colours can be achieved in a pointillist painting, but pointillism was much more about plenty of little parts forming a whole. It absolutely was by pointing out technique and achieving a person's eye to join the dots, as they say. It absolutely was never intended as given serious attention as a possible art movement, so it wasn't.
Though pointillism as a single art movement didn't take off up to other movements, it did form the basis of neo-impressionism. This new branch of impressionism consisted of a more scientific method of painting, looking at lines and colors inside a more methodical way. This movement started waning by the end of the 1800s, however it influenced key painters such as Vincent van Gogh, Henri Matisse and Paul Gaugouin.
Pointillism remains used as a painting technique today. It's well past its peak, however, many artists remain intrigued by it and revel in creating pointillist paintings. It provides another way of painting and makes you consider paintings in different ways. It may not be the most influential or well-known of movements, but it's remaining a mark.