Short History of Education in Nigeria4569515
Lengthy prior to the Europeans arrived, education had been part of Nigerians. The Children were taught about their culture, social activities, survival abilities and work. Most of these education processes were impacted into the children informally a couple of of these societies gave a more formal teaching of the society and culture.
In these Societies, there are formal directions that governed the rites of passage from youth into adulthood. The youth is anticipated to have attained the essential social and survival abilities as nicely as having a grounded knowledge in the culture. These are the foundations of education in Nigeria, and upon them were the western education implemented upon.
European Education was introduced into Nigeria in the 1840s. It began in Lagos, Calabar and other coastal cities. In a few decades schooling in English language gradually took roots in the Nigeria. Throughout the Colonial years, Great Britain did not promote education. The schools were set up and operated by Christian Missionaries. The British colonial government only funded a couple of schools. The policy of the government was to give grant to mission schools rather than expand the method.
In the northern component of Nigeria, which was predominantly Muslim populated, Western-style education was prohibited. The religious leaders did not want the missionaries interfering with Islam. This gave way to establishing Islamic school that focused primarily on the Islamic education.
These days, adult literacy has been estimated to be over 78 percent for men and 64 percent for women. These statistics were made primarily based on estimate literacy in English. That excludes the literacy in Arabic amongst northern Muslims. It is consequently not erroneous to call Nigeria a nation dominated with educated persons.
Prior to Nigeria's independence, Nigeria had only two established Post-secondary Institution. Yaba Higher college (founded in 1934, Now Yaba College of Technologies) and the University of Ibadan was founded in 1948. It was then a College of the University of London till two years after the independence when she became autonomous. More prominent universities which include University of Nigeria, Obafemi Awolowo University (formerly University of Ife), Ahmadu Bello University and Mohood Abiola Kashimawo University (formerly University of Lagos) were founded in the years that followed the Independence.
In 1970s much more universities had been founded which include University of Benin (founded in 1970), and new university opened in Calabar, Ilorin, Jos, Port Harcourt, Sokoto and Maiduguri. In the 1980s, more universities were opened as well as institute specializing in Agriculture and Technologies. A number of Polytechnics had been also opened, which consists of the Yaba College of Technologies in Lagos and Kaduna Polytechnics.
In 1980, the estimated enrollment in the primary schools was 12 million, Secondary and technical colleges 1.2 million, teachers colleges 240,000 and Universities 75,000. 1 would expect that with such an estimate, the Nigerian education in Nigeria three decades following would have greatly improved. Unfortunately the reverse has been the case.
The present decline in the Nigerian education method can be traced back to the 1980s and 1990s. Then there was a shortage of qualified teachers, the couple of qualified teachers had been not paid in a timely manner. The quantity of schools did not grow with the population and numerous of the existing schools had been inadequately funded resulting in poor maintenance. In the Universities inadequate funding led to the shortage of space and resources. Improve in tuition charge frequently resulted in riots leading to cancellation of semesters. Industrial actions by the University Employees requesting for greater salaries and better operating circumstances also compounded the circumstances. However, these days governors in most state are addressing these issues.